What Is It? Tooth extraction is the removal of a tooth from its socket in the bone.
What It's Used For
Sometimes, tooth damage is too extensive for the tooth to be repaired. This is the most common reason for extracting a tooth. Such an extraction site can easily be replaced with a new tooth with different options like an implant or a bridge
Other reasons for extraction:
- Some people have extra teeth that block other teeth from coming in.
- Patients undergoing orthodontic work may need teeth extracted to create room for the teeth that are being moved into place.
- Patients receiving radiation to the head and neck may need to have teeth in the field of radiation extracted.
- Patients receiving chemotherapy may develop infected teeth because chemotherapy weakens the immune system, increasing the risk of infection. These teeth may need to be extracted.
- Patients receiving an organ transplant may need some teeth extracted if the teeth are at risk of becoming sources of infection after the transplant when immunosuppressive medications are given.
There are two types of extractions:
A simple extraction is performed on a tooth that can be seen in the mouth. can be done under a local anesthetic
Surgical extractions commonly are done by oral surgeons. They can be done with local anesthesia or conscious sedation.
A surgical extraction involves teeth that cannot be seen easily in the mouth, either because they have broken off at the gum line or because they have not come in yet. In a surgical extraction, an incision on the gum to reach the tooth. In some cases, the tooth will need to be broken into sections to be removed.